Wolf on the exterior, Bear carved on the inside of ring.
“People respect the wolf for its strength, agility, intelligence and capacity for devotion…Wolf is sometimes an agent of transformation, and is a popular figure in crest, story and shamanic art…Wolf serves as an inspiration and a charm for hunters and fishers, and skilled hunters often have Wolf spirit guides.” (Shearar 2000:115). – Understanding Northwest Coast Art: A Guide to Crests, Beings and Symbols
“Bear is one of the most prevalent figures in crest and shamanic art, as well as in myths. It is considered to be a close relation of humankind… as a close relation, the bear is a link between the human non-human realms, as well as between the secular natural realm and the divine or supernatural.” (Shearar 1990:20) – Undertstanding Northwest Coast Art: A Guide to Crests, Beings and Symbols